Rise of Axum or Aksum (Ethiopia) and conversion to Christianity.
(By CE 1st century, Rome had conquered Egypt, Carthage, and other North African areas; which became the granaries of the Roman Empire, and the majority of the population converted to Christianity). Axum spent its religious zeal carving out churches from rocks, and writing and interpreting religious texts.
Image of Axum (Univ. of Pennsylvania): http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/Ethiopia_GIFS/axum_15876.gif
The Holy Land – Ethiopia: An Ancient Legacy of Christianity (PBS Online’s Wonders of the African World with Henry Louis Gates, Jr., 1999): http://www.pbs.org/wonders/fr_e4.htm
Image & Description of Four Gospels, an illuminated Gospel in Bohairic Coptic and Arabic, copied by Georgis, Cairo, 1205 (Univ. of Pennsylvania): http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/Vatican_GIFS/Four_Gospels_11558.gif http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/Vatican_GIFS/About_Four_13005.html