Culture


1957

1957


Posted By on Jan 17, 2014

GHANA BECOMES FIRST INDEPENDENT BLACK STATE IN AFRICA under Kwame Nkrumah through Gandhi-inspired rallies, boycotts, and strikes, forcing the British to transfer power over the former colony of the Gold Coast. Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972): I Speak of Freedom, 1961, excerpts, Primary document available from Paul Halsall’s Modern History Sourcebook: ...

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late 15th c.

late 15th c.


Posted By on Jan 17, 2014

Kingdom of Kongo flourished on the Congo River (modern Zaire, now Republic of Congo), a confederation of provinces under the manikongo (the king; “mani” means blacksmith, denoting the early importance and spiritual power of iron working). Kingdom of Kongo (wikipedia) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Kongo...

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ca. 300 (to 700)

ca. 300 (to 700)


Posted By on Jan 17, 2014

Rise of Axum or Aksum (Ethiopia) and conversion to Christianity. (By CE 1st century, Rome had conquered Egypt, Carthage, and other North African areas; which became the granaries of the Roman Empire, and the majority of the population converted to Christianity). Axum spent its religious zeal carving out churches from rocks, and writing and interpreting religious texts. Image of Axum (Univ. of Pennsylvania): http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/Ethiopia_GIFS/axum_15876.gif The Holy Land – Ethiopia: An Ancient Legacy of Christianity (PBS Online’s Wonders of the African World with Henry Louis Gates, Jr., 1999):
http://www.pbs.org/wonders/fr_e4.htm Image & Description of Four Gospels, an illuminated Gospel in Bohairic Coptic and Arabic, copied by Georgis, Cairo, 1205 (Univ. of Pennsylvania): http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/Vatican_GIFS/Four_Gospels_11558.gif...

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5 to 2.5 million BCE

5 to 2.5 million BCE


Posted By on Jan 12, 2014

Fossils, rocks, ancient skeletal remains have been uncovered in the Rift Valley and surrounding areas Photo of an African rift (Univ. of Pennsylvania): http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/Misc_GIFS/African_rift.gif Human Origins and Evolution in Africa (Jeanne Sept, Indiana Univ.-Bloomington): http://www.indiana.edu/~origins/index.html Early History, The Story of Africa, British Broadcasting Company [BBC] News: World Service:...

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